Mode Of Transmission Of HIV Virus

HIV which stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a type of virus that invades and destroys our immune system. That is the reason why we will not be able to survive the diseases that attack the bodies of ours. If our immune system is destroyed and turns out to be weak, we will be easy to suffer from numerous diseases around us such as diarrhea, tuberculosis, skin diseases, etc. If, at least, a couple of those symptoms happen to us, then, we can start to get more aware of the HIV disease and if possible we might need to take a test to know whether we are really infected by the HIV virus or not. For instance, for those of you who live in Singapore, you may take the Singapore HIV testing.

The HIV disease is contagious. The mode of transmission of the HIV virus can be through direct contact between the deep skin layer which is the mucous membranes or the bloodstream, with body fluids that can contain the HIV virus, such as vaginal fluid, blood, semen, breast milk, and pre-seminal fluid Transmission can occur through intercourse such as vaginal, anal, or oral, blood transfusion, contaminated needles, between mother and baby during pregnancy, maternity, or breastfeeding, as well as other forms of contact with the body fluids. This virus can not be transmitted through everyday activities such as the use of towels, dinnerware etc.

1. Sexual transmission

Sexually transmitted HIV occurs when there is contact between the secretion of the vaginal fluid or the pre-seminal fluid of a person with the rectum, genitals, or mucous membranes of the partner’s mouth.

2. Contamination of pathogens through the blood

The transmission pathway is mainly associated with injecting drug users, hemophiliacs, and blood transfusion recipients and blood products.

3. Perinatal transmission

HIV transmission from mother to child can occur through the uterus during the perinatal period, the last weeks of pregnancy and during labor.

Steps Of Treatment For HIV Patients

HIV is the abbreviation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The particular virus engages the immune system and weakens the ability of the body to resist diseases and infections. Like other viruses in general, HIV can only replicate by utilizing host cells. The HIV life cycle begins with the attachment of viral particles or virions to receptors on the host cell surface, including CD4, CXCR5, and CXCR5. The cells that target HIV are dendritic cells, T cells, and macrophages. These cells are present on the surface of the inner, vaginal and oral skin layers or mucosa that are usually the site of early HIV infection. In addition, the HIV virus can also directly enter the bloodstream and enter and replicate in spleen stains.

That is why it would be better to diagnose this disease early so that the treatment can be given immediately. There are several ways to diagnose HIV, one of which is the HIV Testing Singapore, for example. There is no cure for HIV infection yet, but there are treatments that can slow the progression of the disease. Even though there is no cure to completely eliminate HIV, the current HIV treatment steps are quite effective. This treatment can make people infected to live longer and can live a healthy lifestyle. There are various types of drugs that are combined to control the virus.

There are drugs known as antiretrovirals that act to inhibit the virus in damaging the immune system. The drugs are administered in the form of tablets consumed daily. You will be advised to do a healthy lifestyle. For example healthy food, not smoking, getting an annual flu vaccine, and five-year pneumococcal vaccine. It aims to reduce the risk of dangerous diseases.

Without treatment, people with HIV-infected immune systems will drop dramatically. And they tend to suffer life-threatening diseases such as cancer. This is known as late-stage HIV or AIDS.