HIV which stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a type of virus that invades and destroys our immune system. That is the reason why we will not be able to survive the diseases that attack the bodies of ours. If our immune system is destroyed and turns out to be weak, we will be easy to suffer from numerous diseases around us such as diarrhea, tuberculosis, skin diseases, etc. If, at least, a couple of those symptoms happen to us, then, we can start to get more aware of the HIV disease and if possible we might need to take a test to know whether we are really infected by the HIV virus or not. For instance, for those of you who live in Singapore, you may take the Singapore HIV testing.
The HIV disease is contagious. The mode of transmission of the HIV virus can be through direct contact between the deep skin layer which is the mucous membranes or the bloodstream, with body fluids that can contain the HIV virus, such as vaginal fluid, blood, semen, breast milk, and pre-seminal fluid Transmission can occur through intercourse such as vaginal, anal, or oral, blood transfusion, contaminated needles, between mother and baby during pregnancy, maternity, or breastfeeding, as well as other forms of contact with the body fluids. This virus can not be transmitted through everyday activities such as the use of towels, dinnerware etc.
1. Sexual transmission
Sexually transmitted HIV occurs when there is contact between the secretion of the vaginal fluid or the pre-seminal fluid of a person with the rectum, genitals, or mucous membranes of the partner’s mouth.
2. Contamination of pathogens through the blood
The transmission pathway is mainly associated with injecting drug users, hemophiliacs, and blood transfusion recipients and blood products.
3. Perinatal transmission
HIV transmission from mother to child can occur through the uterus during the perinatal period, the last weeks of pregnancy and during labor.