HIV is the abbreviation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The particular virus engages the immune system and weakens the ability of the body to resist diseases and infections. Like other viruses in general, HIV can only replicate by utilizing host cells. The HIV life cycle begins with the attachment of viral particles or virions to receptors on the host cell surface, including CD4, CXCR5, and CXCR5. The cells that target HIV are dendritic cells, T cells, and macrophages. These cells are present on the surface of the inner, vaginal and oral skin layers or mucosa that are usually the site of early HIV infection. In addition, the HIV virus can also directly enter the bloodstream and enter and replicate in spleen stains.
That is why it would be better to diagnose this disease early so that the treatment can be given immediately. There are several ways to diagnose HIV, one of which is the HIV Testing Singapore, for example. There is no cure for HIV infection yet, but there are treatments that can slow the progression of the disease. Even though there is no cure to completely eliminate HIV, the current HIV treatment steps are quite effective. This treatment can make people infected to live longer and can live a healthy lifestyle. There are various types of drugs that are combined to control the virus.
There are drugs known as antiretrovirals that act to inhibit the virus in damaging the immune system. The drugs are administered in the form of tablets consumed daily. You will be advised to do a healthy lifestyle. For example healthy food, not smoking, getting an annual flu vaccine, and five-year pneumococcal vaccine. It aims to reduce the risk of dangerous diseases.
Without treatment, people with HIV-infected immune systems will drop dramatically. And they tend to suffer life-threatening diseases such as cancer. This is known as late-stage HIV or AIDS.